display-a-list-of-files-and-folders•-n-dirquota-file-server-resource-manager-disk-quotas [DIR]


Display a list of files and subfolders

Syntax DIR [pathname(s)] [display_format] [file_attributes] [sorted] [time] [options]
Key [pathname] The drive, folder, and/or files to display, 
this can include wildcards:
* Match any characters
? Match any ONE character

[display_format] /P Pause after each screen of data. /W Wide List format, sorted horizontally. /D Wide List format, sorted by vertical column.
[file_attributes] /A[:]attribute

/A:D Folder /A:-D NOT Folder /A:R Read-only /A:-R NOT Read-only /A:H Hidden /A:-H NOT Hidden /A:A Archive /A:-A NOT Archive /A:S System file /A:-S NOT System file /A:I Not content indexed Files /A:-I NOT content indexed /A:L Reparse Point /A:-L NOT Reparse Point (symbolic link) /A:X No scrub file /A:-X Scrub file (Windows 8+) /A:V Integrity /A:-V NOT Integrity (Windows 8+) /A Show all files
Several attributes can be combined e.g. /A:HD-R

[sorted] Sorted by /O[:]sortorder

/O:N Name /O:-N Name
/O:S file Size /O:-S file Size /O:E file Extension /O:-E file Extension
/O:D Date & time /O:-D Date & time /O:G Group folders first /O:-G Group folders last several attributes can be combined e.g. /O:GEN

[time] /T: the time field to display & use for sorting
/T:C Creation /T:A Last Access /T:W Last Written (default)

[options] /S include all subfolders. /R Display alternate data streams. (Vista and above) /B Bare format (no heading, file sizes or summary). /L use Lowercase. /Q Display the owner of the file. /N long list format where filenames are on the far right. /X As for /N but with the short filenames included.
/C Include thousand separator in file sizes.
/-C Don’t include thousand separator in file sizes. /4 Display four-digit years

The switches above can be preset by adding them to an environment variable called DIRCMD.
For example: SET DIRCMD=/O:N /S

Override any preset DIRCMD switches by prefixing the switch with –
For example: DIR *.* /-S

Upper and Lower Case filenames:
Filenames longer than 8 characters – will always display the filename with mixed case as entered.
Filenames shorter than 8 characters – can display the filename in upper or lower case – this can vary from one client to another (registry setting)

To obtain a bare DIR format (no heading or footer info) but retain all the details, pipe the output of DIR into FIND, this assumes that your date separator is /

DIR c:temp*.* | FIND "/"

Normally DIR /b will return just the filename, however when displaying subfolders with DIR /b /s the command will return a full pathname.

All file sizes are shown in bytes.


List the contents of c:demo including ALL files:

dir /a c:demo

List the contents of c:demo displaying only the filenames:

dir /b c:demo

List all the Reparse Points (symbolic links) in the current users profile:

dir %USERPROFILE% /a:i

List the contents of c:demo with the full path of each file (source)

for %%A in (“c:demo*”) do echo %%~fA

List the contents of c:demo, without the header/footer details:

FOR /f “tokens=*” %%G IN (‘dir c:demo*.* ^| find “/”‘) DO echo %%G

On Windows Vista and later, a list of alternate data streams can be obtained using DIR /R, on earlier operating systems, the SysInternals utility streams can be used instead.

DIR is an internal command.

“There it was, hidden in alphabetical order” ~ Rita Holt


WHERE – Locate and display files in a directory tree.
XCOPY /L – List files without copying.
ROBOCOPY /L – List files with specific properties
DIRUSE – show size of multiple subfolders. (Resource Kit)
Freedisk.exe – check free disk space. (Win 2K ResKit)
Powershell: Get-ChildItem – Get child items (contents of a folder or registry key) dir / ls / gci
You can also get File Sizes and Date/Time from Batch Parameters
Use DIR to display drive status – disk missing / ready / empty
Equivalent bash command (Linux): ls – List information about file(s)
Equivalent Powershell: Get-ChildItem


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